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Bishops A - L / A / B / C / D / E / F / G / H / I - J / K
L

Labrador Fraile, Theodor

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 11.11.1888 Buenavista (León), member of O.P. 1906, priest 02.10.1914, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Fussala and Apostolic Vicar of Funing 18.05.1926, consecrated 24.10.1926 in Foochow, consecrator Mons. Aguirre Murga, nominated Bishop of Funing 11.04.1946, nominated Archbishop of Foochow 13.06.1946, died 06.05.1980 [1]

 

Lacchio, Petronio Secundo

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 17.03.1901 Roppolo (Biella), member of O.F.M. 1916, priest 08.08.1926, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Preneto and Apostolic Vicar of Changsha 12.01.1940, consecrated 26.05.1940 in Changsha, consecrator Mons. Palazzi, nominated Archbishop of Changsha 11.04.1946, died 19.02.1976 Torino [2]

 

Lacerre (Lacere), Pierre Antoine

 

Born 31.12.1711 Diocese of Toulouse, member of M.E.P., priest, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Zéla and Apost. Vicar of Se-Ciuen 18.09.1753, declined nomination, died (without consecration) after 24.01.1767 [2a]

 

 

 

Lacoste, Lucien Bernard

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 25.02.1905 Navailles (Bayonne), member of S.C.J. 1923, priest 13.07.1930, nominated Bishop of Tali 09.12.1948, consecrated 29.05.1949 in Kunming, consecrator Mons. Derouineau, nominated Apostolic Administrator of Chiang Mai/Thailand 19.12.1959 – 28.04.1975, emeritus 1983, died 14.08.1989 Chiang Mai [3]

 

Lacretelle, Ferdinand

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 23.04.1902 Paris, member of S.J. 1921, priest 07.06.1934, nominated Apostolic Administrator of Haichow 21.02.1951, emeritus 1983, died 05.05.1989 Taipeh [4]

 

Laghi, Antonio

 

Born 29.01.1668 Castrocaro, member of O.F.M., priest, nominated Apostolic Administrator Chansi-Chensi 1704, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Lorimense and Apostolic Vicar of Chansi-Chensi 02.09.1715, consecrated 20.06.1717 in Peking, consecrator Mons. della Chiesa, died 05.07.1727 Sianfu [5]

 

Lai Hung Seng, Jose

 

 

(Foto: UCANEWS)

 

Born 14.01.1946 Macau, priest 28.10.1972, nominated Coadjutor of Macau 23.01.2001, consecrated 02.06.2001 in Macau, consecrator Mons. Lam, nominated Bishop of Macau 30.06.2003, emeritus 16.01.2016 [6]

 

 

Laimbeckhoven, Gottfried Xaver von

 

Born 09.01.1707 Vienna, member of S.J. 27.01.1722, priest 1735, nominated Bishop of Nanking 15.05.1752, consecrated 20.07.1755, consecrator Mons. Mendes dos Reis [7] in Macau, additional nominated Apostolic Administrator of Peking 1757, died 22.05.1787 Tong-kia-hang [8]

 

Lalouyer, Pierre

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 02.03.1850 Acigne (Rennes), member of M.E.P. 1871, priest 07.06.1873, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Raphanae and Coadjutor of Manciuria 24.07.1897, consecrated 19.09.1897 in Siaopakiatzi, consecrator Mons. Guillon, nominated Apostolic Vicar of Manciuria Settentrionale 10.05.1898, died 17.02.1923 Kirin [9]

 

Lam Cheuk-wai, Gabriel

 

 

(Foto: http://www.archives.catholic.org.hk/)

 

Born 13.11.1933, priest 1967, nominated Vicar Capitular of Hongkong 23.7.1974 – 25.07.1975, Vicar General of Hongkong until 1993 [10]

 

Lam Ka Tseung, Domingos

 

 

(Foto: sent by Bishop to Dr. Kierein)

 

Born 09.04.1928 Hongkong, priest 27.12.1953, nominated Coadjutor of Macau 26.01.1987, consecrated 08.09.1987 in Macau, consecrator Mons. Rodrigues da Costa, nominated Bishop of Macau 06.10.1988, emeritus 30.06.2003, died 27.07.2009 Macau [11]

 

Lan Bo-lu (Lan Pai Lu)

 

Born 1909, priest July 1936, Bishop of Yongping, consecrated 20.4.1958 in Xian-Xian, consecrator Francis Zhao Zhen-sheng, died 1966-76 [12]

 


Lan Pai Lu
, see Lan Bol-lu

 


Lan Shi,
John Chrisostome

 

 

(Foto: cinacath.com)

 

Born 1925 or 1926 Tongyuan, Gaoling County,Shaanxi, priest 1954 or 1955, 2000 Coadjutor of Sanyuan, consecrated 28.11.2000, consecrator Zhang Wenbin, emeritus (2010?), died 21.09.2014 [13]

 

Landi, Fabiano Francesco

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 10.03.1872 Radda (Fiesole), member of O.F.M. 03.09.1887, priest 16.09.1894, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Taenarum and Apostolic Vicar of Hu-Pè Occiduo-Settentrionale 10.05.1904, consecrated 02.10.1904 in Hankow, consecrator Mons. Carlassare, died 30.06.1920 Laohokow [14]

 

Landi, Luigi

 

Born 26.07.1749 Segni(?), member of O.F.M., priest, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Anthedon and Coadjutor of Chansi-Chensi 16.07.1802, consecrated 01.04.1804 in Kiang-cien, consecrator Mons. Giovanni di Mandello, nominated Apostolic Vicar of Chansi-Chensi 23.06.1804, died 26.10.1815 Tung-erh-kow [15]

 

Lane, Raymond Louis

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 02.01.1894 Lawrence (Boston), member of M.M. 1913, priest 08.02.1920, nominated Apostolic Prefect of Fushun 14.04.1932, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Ipepa and Apostolic Vicar of Fushun 13.02.1940, consecrated 11.06.1940 in Lawrence, consecrator Mons. James Edward Walsh, nominated Bishop of Fushun 11.04.1946, nominated Superior General of Catholic Foreign Mission Society of America (M.M.) 07.08.1946, emeritus Superior General 00.08.1956, died 31.07.1974 Mountain View [16]

 

Langenbacher, Dominic

 

 

(Foto: http://www.cpprovince.org/archives/chapters/chapter-1926.php)

 

Born 09.01.1884 Pittsburgh, member of C.P. 16.01.1900, priest 30.06.1906, nominated Apostolic Prefect of Shenchow 16.07.1925, emeritus 00.01.1930, died 06.06.1939 Louisville [17]

 

Languillat, Adrien

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 28.09.1808 Chantemerle (Chalons-sur-Marne), priest 02.10.1831, member of S.J. 1841, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Sergiopolis and Apostolic Vicar of Ce-Li Meridio-Orientale 30.05.1856, consecrated 22.03.1857 in Paoting, consecrator Mons. Mouly, nominated Apostolic Vicar of Kiang-nam 06.09.1864, died 30.11.1878 Zikawei [18]

 

Lapierre, Louis Adelmar

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 27.07.1880 St.Hermas (Quebec), priest 08.07.1906, member of M.E.Q. 1921, nominated Apostolic Prefect of Szepingkai 19.02.1930, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Cardica and Apostolic Vicar of Szepingkai 24.05.1932, consecrated 04.08.1932 in Montreal, consecrator Mons. George Gauthier [19], nominated Bishop of Szepingkai 11.04.1946, died 01.12.1952 Szepinkai [20]

 

 

Laribe, Bernard Vincent

 

Born 15.08.1802 Sousceyrac (Cahors), member of C.M. 01.11.1825, priest, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Sozopolis and Coadjutor of Kiangsi 12.03.1844, consecrated 13.05.1845 in San-Kiao, consecrator Mons. Rameaux, nominated Apostolic Vicar of Kiangsi 14.07.1845, died 20.07.1850 Outcheng [21]

 

Larochelle, Edgar

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 30.05.1896 St. Ferdinand (Quebec), priest 29.05.1920, member of M.E.Q. 1925, nominated Apostolic Prefect of Lintung 23.07.1937, emeritus 1938, nominated Superior General of M.E.Q. 11.07.1938, died 21.07.1964 [22]

 

Larrañaga Lasa, Ignacio Gregorio

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 04.10.1892 Aldaba (Vitoria), member of O.F.M.Cap. 1909, priest 30.05.1919, nominated Apostolic Prefect of Pingliang 29.04.1930, nominated Bishop of Pingliang 25.06.1950, consecrated 01.10.1950 in Shanghai, consecrator Mons. Riberi [23], died 18.02.1975 Fuenterrabia (Spanien) [24]

 

Larrart, Jean

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 22.12.1884 Camou-Mixe-Suhast (Bayonne), member of M.E.P., priest 27.03.1909, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Aulon and Coadjutor of Kweiyang 10.01.1933, consecrated 13.08.1933 in Kweiyang, consecrator Mons. Seguin, nominated Apostolic Vicar of Kweiyang 11.09.1942, nominated Archbishop of Kweiyang 11.04.1946, died 14.07.1966 Montbelion [25]

 

Larregain, Jean

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 06.01.1888 St. Pee sur Nivelle (Bayonne), member of M.E.P. 1907, priest 08.03.1913, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Arycanda and Apostolic Vicar of Yunnan 13.06.1939, consecrated 29.10.1939 in Rome, consecrator Pius XII. [26], died 02.05.1942 Yunnanfu [27]

 

Lavaissière, Pierre

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 25.10.1813 Grandet (St. Flour), member of C.M. 1835, priest 23.12.1837, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Myrina and Apostolic Vicar of Chekian 27.03.1846, consecrated 25.07.1846 in Lien-tchio, consecrator Mons. Laribe, died 19.12.1849 Ningpo [28]

 

 

Lavest, Joseph-Marie

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 24.05.1852 Lapeyrouses (Clermont), priest 30.11.1875, member of M.E.P. 1879, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Sophene and Apostolic Prefect of Kuangsi 05.04.1900, consecrated 22.11.1900 in Hanoi, consecrator Mons. Marcou [29], died 23.08.1910 Hongkong [30]

 

Le Blanc, Philibert

 

Born 12.11.1644 Dijon, member of M.E.P., priest, nominated Apostolic Vicar of Yunnan 00.10.1696, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Troade 03.12.1718, died 02.09.1720 Koang-tung (without consecration) [31]

 

Lebouille, Eugène Joseph Hubert

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 07.02.1878 Hoensbroeck (Roermond), member of C.M. 1897, priest 28.05.1904, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Corona and Coadjutor of Yungpingfu 16.07.1928, consecrated 18.11.1928 in Yungpingfu, consecrator Mons. Geurts, nominated Apostolic Vicar of Yungpingfu 21.07.1940, nominated Bishop of Yungpingfu 11.04.1946, emeritus 03.06.1948, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Calama 03.06.1948, died 27.05.1957 Haarlem [32]

 

Lécroart, Henri

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 04.11.1864 Lille, member of S.J. 1883, priest 28.08.1897, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Anchialus and Coadjutor of Ce-Li Meridio-Orientale 30.07.1917, consecrated 02.02.1918 in Shanghai, consecrator Mons. Paris, nominated Apostolic Vicar of Ce-Li Meridio-Orientale 23.12.1919, emeritus 02.12.1937, died 17.08.1939 Sienhsien [33]

 

Lee Bun Sang, Stephen

 



(Foto: Website Diocese of Macau)

 

Born 10.11.1956 Hong Kong, priest 20.08.1988, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Nove and Aux.-Bishop of Hong Kong 11.07.2014, consecrated 30.08.2014 in Hong Kong, consecrator Cardinal Tong Hon, Bishop of Macau 16.1.2016 [34]

 

Lee Keh-mien, John Baptist

 

 

 (Foto: http://www.catholic.org.tw/en/bishoplee.html)

 

Born 23.08.58 Tainan Hsien (Tainan), priest 27.05.1990, nominated Bishop of Hsinchu 06.04.2006, consecrated 24.06.2006 in Hsinchu, consecrator Mons. Liu Hsien-tang [35]

 


Lei Chang-hsia
, see Lei Zhenxia

Lei Chiyin, see Lei Shiyin

 

Lei Jiapei, John

 

(Foto: UCANEWS)


Born 1970, priest 24.12.1995, elected Bishop candidate of Xichang in 2010, but Vatican has not appoved, but appointed him Administrator of Xichang in 2015, Bishop of Xichang 2016, consecrated 02.12.2016 in Xichang, consecrator Fang Xing Yao [35a]

 


Lei Shiyin (Lei Chiyin)
, Paul

 

 

(Foto: Diocese of Leshan)

 

Born 1963 (?), priest 30.11.1991, Bishop of Leshan 18.03.2010, consecrated 29.06.2011 (without papal mandate) , consecrator Johann Fang Xinyao, excommunicated by the Vatican in 2011 [36]

 

 

Lei Wang-kee (Li Hongji, Wang Kei-lei), Peter

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 29.03.1922 Nan Hoi (Canton), priest 06.07.1952, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Ottaba and Aux.-Bishop of Hongkong 03.07.1971, consecrated 08.09.1971 in Hongkong, consecrator Mons. Hsu, nominated Bishop of Hongkong 21.12.1973, died 23.07.1974 Hongkong [37]

 

 

 

Lei Zhenxia (Lei Chang-hsia), Simon

 

Born 11.10.1915 Hoh-Chu (Shohchow), priest 15.01.1939, nominated Bishop of Fenyang 09.06.1949, consecrated 14.08.1949, consecrator Mons. Riberi [38] in Shanghai, arrested 1955, died (assassinated) 16. or 20.02.1970 [39]

 

 

Lemaire, Charles Joseph

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 16.01.1900 Bertry (Cambrai), member of M.E.P. 1925, priest 22.09.1929, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Otroene and Coadjutor of Kirin 15.07.1939, consecrated 15.11.1939 in Kirin, consecrator Mons. Gaspais, emeritus 1945, nominated Superior General of M.E.P. 16.11.1945, died 22.04.1995 Hongkong [40]

 

Lemaitre, Mathurin

 

Born 01.01.1816 Saint Charles (Le Mans), priest before 1839, member S.J. 1841, Apost. Pro-Vicar of Kiang-nan 1862, died 03.05.1863 Xujiahui/Zikawei (Jiangsu) [40a]

 

Leonard

 

Born (unknown date), priest, nominated Archbishop of Khanbaliq, consecrated, died or emeritus before 25.04.1448 [41]

 

Lepley, Jules

 

Born 06.12.1836 Bayeux, member of M.E.P. 1858, priest 25.05.1861, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Gabala and Apostolic Vicar of Se-Ciuen Meridionale 22.12.1871, consecrated 26.05.1872 in Long-ki, consecrator Mons. Ponsot, emeritus 00.05.1886, died 24.09.1886 Hongkong [42]

 

Lesinski, Werner Johannes

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 05.11.1904 Berlin, member of O.P. 1924, priest 29.07.1932, nominated Bishop of Tingchow 08.05.1947, consecrated 26.10.1947, consecrator Mons. Labrador Fraile, died 26.04.1963 Taohsiung/Taiwan [43]

 

Li, Joseph

 

Born (unknown date), priest, nominated Apostolic Prefect of Lintsing 22.11.1940, emeritus 1947, died (unknown date) [44]

 

Li, Paul

 

Born (unknown date), priest, nominated Apostolic Prefect of Lintsing 18.11.1949, died 1981? [45]

 


Li Bao-yu
, see Li Boyu

 


Li Bingyao
, Joseph

 

Born 1908 or 18.07.1911, member of S.V.D., priest 21.05.1939, Bishop of Yangku, consecrated 30.06.1989, consecrator Liu Guandong, died 22.11.1995 or 25.11.1995 or 1996 [46]

 

Li Boyu (Li Pai-yu, Li Bao-yu), Louis

 

 

(Foto: Archive Kierein)

 

Born 3.6.1908 Wie-tsi-tzai (Chowchich), priest 09.07.1933, nominated Bishop of Chowchich 10.05.1951, consecrated 05.08.1951, consecrator Mons. Zhou Weidao, died 07.02. or  8.2.1980 or 03.03.1980 Xian [47]

 

Li Congzhe, Joseph

 

Born 25.12.1915, priest 26.07.1942, Bishop of Suiyuan, consecrated 27.07.1984, consecrator Julius Jia Zhiguo, died 20.6.2002 [48]

 


Li Daonan
, see Li Taonan

 


Li De-hua

 

Born (unknown date), priest, Bishop of Taiyuan 07.03.1958, consecrated 21.01.1962 in Peking, consecrator Mons. Ignatius Pi Shu-shih, died 00.03.1970 or 1971 Taiyuan (murderd) [49]

 

Li De-pei (Li Dipei, Li Debei), Paul

 

Born 1901, priest 1925, Bishop of Tianjin 1958, consecrated 14.05.1963, consecrator Francis Zhao Zhen-sheng, emeritus 1983, died 13.07.1991 or August 1991 Peking [50]

 

Li Duan, Anthony

 

 

 

(Foto: (1) sent by Bishop to author, (2) sent by Bishop to Dr. Kierein)

 

Born 13.06.1927 Qiu Village, Lintong District, Xian City, priest 11.04.1951, Bishop of Xi’an 3.3.1987, consecrated 05.04.1987 in Xi’an, consecrator Lawrence Zhang Wen-bin, died 25.05.2006 [51]

 

Li Hongguang, Josaphat

 

 

(Foto: Archive Kierein)

 

Born 15.07.1926 Quiancheng village outside Lucheng/Lu’ an, priest 21.03.1953, Coadjutor of Xinjiangxian 1996, consecrated 14.05.1996 Xinjiangxian, consecrator Zheng Shouduo, Bishop of Xianjiang 2006, died 13.12.2006 [52]

 


Li Hongji
, see Lei Wang-kee

 


Li Hongye
, Peter

 

 

(Foto: UCANEWS)

 

Born 06.01.1919 or 1920 Hu Tuo Gong Xian, priest 20. or 22.04.1944, Bishop of Luoyang, consecrated 07.08. or 11.09.1987, consecrator Jia Zhiguo, died 23.04.2011 Luoyang [53]

 

Li Hsi Ying, see Li Xi-ting

 

Li Huande (Li Xuande, Ly Hsuan-te), Pacificus

 

Born 01.03.1904 Tung-yüang-fang (Sanyüan), member of O.F.M. 1927, priest 17.05.1930, nominated Bishop of Yenan 13.12.1951, consecrated 10.02.1952 or 1953 in Fenxiang, consecrator Mons. Zhou Weidao, in prison 1955-1965, died 16.02.1972 or 30.03.1973 [54]

 

Li Huiyuan, Peter

 

Born 1965, priest 1991, elected Coadjutor of Fengxiang 18.05.2011 [55]

 

Li Jiantang, Sylvester

 

 

 (Foto: UCANEWS)

 

Born 23.12.1925 Dong'ergou/Yuci, priest 12.03.1956, Coadjutor of Taiyuan 1990, Bishop of Taiyuan 1994, consecrated 18.12.1994 in Taiyuan, consecrator Benedict Zhangxin [56]

 

Li Jing, Joseph

 

 

(Foto: UCANEWS)

 

Born 15.11.1968 Bameng, priest 08.08.1996, Coadjutor of Bameng 29.12.2006,

consecrated 21.12.2007 in Yinchuan, consecrator Liu Jingshan, Bishop of Yinchuan 00.12.2009 [57]

 


Li Jingfeng
, see Ly Jing Feng

 


Li Jun-ho (Li Rongzhao, Ly Yun-ho)
, Matthias

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 14.09.1877 Hinwenshien (Suifu), priest 22.01.1910, nominated  Apostolic Prefect of Yachow 22.10.1929, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Tlos and Apostolic Vicar of Yachow 16.03.1933, consecrated 11.06.1933 in Rome, consecrator Pius XI. [58], died 03. or 04.08.1935 Suifu [59]

 

Li Lian Gui, Joseph

 

 

(Foto: UCANEWS)

 

Born 26.01.1964, priest 19.03.1991, Bishop of Xian Xian, consecrated 20.03.2000 in Xian Xian, consecrator John Liu Dinghan [60]

 

Li Ming Shu, Joseph

 

 

(Foto: UCANEWS)

 

Born 00.12.1924, priest 11.04.1949, Bishop of Qingdao, consecrated 13.08.2000 in Qingdao, consecrator Joseph Ma Xuesheng [61]

 

Li Ming-yuan, Charles

 

Born (unknown date), priest, Bishop of Caozhou, consecrated 01.06.1958 in Jinan, consecrator Mons. Ignatius Pi Shu-shi, died 1966-76? [62]

 

Li Pan-shi, Peter Paul

 

 

(Foto: UCANEWS)

 

Born 12.06.1911 Guangdong, priest 26.07.1944, Bishop of Jiangmen 1981, consecrated 27.09.1981 in Canton, consecrator Joseph Zhong Huai-de, died 04.01.2007 Zhongshan City [63]

 

 


Li Pai-yu
, see Li Boyu

Li Rongzhao, see Li Jun-ho

 


Li Shan
, Joseph

 

 

(Foto: UCANEWS)

 

Born 00.03.1965, priest 21.12.1989, Bishop of Peking 16.07.2007, consecrated 21.09.2007 in Peking, consecrator Fang Xing Yao [64]

 

Li Sheng-xue, John

 

 

(Foto: sent by Bishop Yu Ren-shen to Dr. Kierein)

 

Born (unknown date), priest, Bishop of Hanchung, consecrated 26.03.1959 in Chowchiw, consecrator Mons. Louis Li Boyu, died 20.01.1984 [65]

 

Li Shu-ren, James

 

Born 12.01.1919 Ysikiaho (Changteh), member of O.S.A. 09.10.1942, priest 09.06.1946, Bishop of Yochow 23.10.1958, consecrated 26.10.1958 in Changsha, consecrator Mons. Ignatius Pi Shu-shi, died 07.10.1997 Yochow [66]

 

Li Side, Stephen

 

 

(Foto: UCANEWS)

 

Born 1908, priest 1938, Aux.-Bishop of Shanghai, consecrated 27.01.1985 in Shanghai, consecrator Joseph Zhong-Huai-de, died 09.03.1993 [67]

 

Li Side, (Joseph) Stephen

 

 

(Foto: UCANEWS)

 

Born 03.10.1926, priest 17.07.1955, Bishop of Tianjin, consecrated 15.06.1982 in Tianjin, consecrator Paul Liu Shuhe [68]

 

Li Suguang, John Baptist

 

 

(Foto: UCANEWS)

 

Born 1965 Changzi, priest 22.08.1992, Coadjutor of Nanchang 07.2009, consecrated 31.10.2010 in Nanchang, consecrator Joseph Li Shan, Bishop of Nanchang 25.08.2014 [69]

 

Li Taonan (Li Daonan), Joseph

 

 

(Foto: Archive Kierein)

 

Born 17.07.1902 Ankiu (Suihsien), priest 15.08.1936, nominated Apostolic Prefect of Puchi 23.02.1949, nominated Bishop of Puchi 17.05.1951, consecrated 24.06.1951 in Hankow, consecrator Mons. Rosà, died 1971 [70]

 

Li Weidao, Anthony

 

Born 20.05.1919, priest 14.07.1946, Bishop of Lu’ an, consecrated 21.07.1982 (not as often assumed 23.09.1982), consecrator Francis Han Ting-pi, again nominated Bishop of Lu’ an 1992, died 21.07.1998 [71]

 

Li Wei-guang, John

 

Born (unknown date), priest, Bishop of Nanjing 14.03.1959, consecrated 15.11.1959 in Nanjing, consecrator Mons. Ignatius Pi Shu-shi, died 1966-76 [72]

 

Li Wei-jen,

 

Born (unknown date), priest, Bishop of Xian 02.02.1958, never consecrated [73]

 

Li Xinzheng, Stephen

 

Born 22.11.1915, priest 01.01.1954, Bishop of Tianshui, consecrated 16.03.1983, consecrator Wang Milu, died 14.02.1989 [74]

 

 

Li Xi-ting (Li Hsi Ying), John

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 1909, priest 1938, Bishop of Chengdu 16.12.1957, consecrated 06. or 16.07.1958 in Chengdu, consecrator Mons. Duan Yinmin and/or Mons. Wang Wencheng, died 28.05.1989 [75]

 


Li Xuande
, see Li Huande

 


Li Xue-song
, John

 

Born 01.03.1904, priest 1935 or 1936, Bishop of Kirin, consecrated 22. or 29.09.1985 in Kirin, consecrator Joseph Zhong Huai-de, died 20.05.1994 [76]

 

Li Yi, Ermenegildus (Paul)

 

 

(Foto: UCANEWS)

 

Born 14.11.1923 Changzhi, 1943 member of O.F.M., priest 06.02.1949, Coadjutor of Changzhi, consecrated 28.01.1998, consecrator Li Weidao, Bishop of Changzhi 2002, died 24.05.2012 [77]

 

Li Zhen-lin, Louis

 

Born (unknown date), priest, Bishop of Lingling 23.10.1958, consecrated 26.10.1958 in Changsha, consecrator Mons. Ignatius Pi Shu-shi, died 1966-76 [78]

 

Li Zhenrong, Paul

 

Born 29.09.1919, member of  S.J., priest 03. oder 31.05.1951, Bishop of Sienhsien, consecrated 08.04.1983, consecrator Wang Milu, died 16. or 19.04.1992 [79]

 

Li Zhigang, Simon

 

 

(Foto: Asianews)

 

Born 00.10.1963 Mianyang/Chendgu, priest 17.04.1991, Bishop of Chengdu without papal mandate 10.05.2011, died 18.06.2011 (without consecration) [80]

 

Liang Jiansen, Paul

 

 

(Foto: UCANEWS)

 

Born 06.05.1964, priest 08.12.1991, Bishop of Jiangmen 00.11.2009, consecrated 30.03.2011 in Jiangmen, consecrator Joseph Gan Junqiu [81]

 

Liang Xisheng, John Baptist

 

 

(Foto: UCANEWS)

 

Born 25.04.1923 Jia county, Henan, priest 12.03.1980, Bishop of Kaifeng, consecrated 31.08.1989, consecrator Anthony Yang Shao-huai, died 23.09.2007 [82]

 

Liao Hongqing, Joseph

 

 

(Foto: Archive Kierein)

 

Born 09.08.1966, priest 25.07.1991, Bishop of Meizhou, consecrated 26.09.2003 in Meizhou, consecrator Bernardine Dong Guangqing [83]

 

Libois, François-Napoleon

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 14.12.1805 Chambois (Sees), priest 18.09.1830, member of M.E.P. 1836, nominated Apostolic Prefect of Kuangtong 11.05.1848, emeritus 00.10.1853, died 06.04.1872 Rome [84]

 

Lin Binglian, see Ping Leung Lin

 

Lin Chi-nan, Bosco

 

 

(Foto: sent by Bishop to author)

 

Born 14.05.1943 Pingtung (Hwalien), priest 06.01.1973, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Alessano and Aux.-Bishop of Kaohsiung 28.09.1992, consecrated 02.01.1993 in Kaohsiung, consecrator Mons. Shan Kuo-hsi, nominated Bishop of Tainan 24.01.2004 [85]

 

Lin Jiashan, Peter

 

 

(Foto: sent by Bishop to Dr. Kierein)

 

Born 02.09.1934, priest 11.05.1981, Coadjutor of Fuzhou, consecrated 13.07.1997, consecrator Yang Shudao, Archbishop of Fuzhou 28.08.2010, additional Apost. Prefect of Jian’ou [86]

 

Lin Quan, Joseph

 

 

(Foto: Archive Kierein)

 

Born 05.11.1913, priest 1939, Bishop of Fuzhou 20.06.1958, consecrated 21.01.1962 in Peking, consecrator Mons. Ignatius Pi Shu-shih, emeritus 1991, died 25.04.2007 Fujian [87]

 

Lin Tianzhu (Liu Thien-chu), Joseph

 

 

(Foto: Chinese Regional Bishops’ Conference in Taiwan)

 

Born 07.01.1935 Po Kion Lung (Kiayi), priest 21.12.1961, nominated Bishop of Kiayi 25.11.1985, consecrated 12.01.1986 in Kiayi, consecrator Mons. Lokuang, died 04.03.1994 [88]

 

Lin Xili, James David

 

 

(Foto: asianews)

 

Born 19.10.1918 Yueqing, priest 03.06.1944, Bishop of Wenzhou, consecrated 22.02.1992 or 02.10.1992, consecrator Michael Xiao Liren, died 04.10.2009 Wenzhou [89]

 

Lionne, Artus de

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 1655 Paris, member of M.E.P. ca 1680, priest 00.01.1681, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Rosalia and Apostolic Vicar of Szechwan 05.02.1697, consecrated 30.11.1699 in Canton, consecrator Mons. Maigrot, died 02.08.1713 Paris [90]

 

Lions, François Eugène

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 01.11.1820 Faucon (Dijon), member of M.E.P. 1846, priest 18.12.1847, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Basilinopolis and Apostolic Vicar of Kouytcheou 02.09.1871, consecrated 29.06.1872 in Pee-cho-chou, consecrator Mons. Desflèches, died 24.04.1893 Kony-yang [91]

 

Liou King wen, see Liu Jinwen

 

Lischerong, Gáspár

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 01.01.1889 Klerk (Csanad), member of S.J. 1912, priest 29.06.1911, nominated Apostolic Administrator of Taming 08.07.1947, died 17.01.1972 Chiayi/Taiwan [92]

 

Liu An-zhi (Li Anchi), Andrew

 

Born 02.01.1895, member of C.M. 1916, priest 25.01.1921, Bishop of Chengting, consecrated 21.01.1962 in Peking, consecrator Mons. Ignatius Pi Shu-shi, died 1966-76 [93]

 

Liu Cheng-chung, Peter

 

 

(Foto: http://www.catholic.org.tw/en/bishoppeter.html)

 

Born 12.04.1951 Hushuei (Kiayi), priest 13.04.1980, nominated Bishop of Kiayi 01.07.1994, consecrated 28.09.1994 in Touliu, consecrator Cardinal Tomko [94], nominated Coadjutor of Kaohsiung 24.06.2004, nominated Bishop of Kaohsiung 05.01.2006 [95]

 

Liu Chin-wen, see Liu Jinwen

 

Liu Dian-chi (Li Dianxi), Roch

 

Born (unknown date), priest, Bishop of Kirin, consecrated 10.10.1982 in Kirin, consecrator Joseph Zhong Huai-de, died 04.04.1985 [96]

 

 

Liu Difen (Liu Daifen, Liu Tifeng), Stefan

 

Born 13.05.1912 Biandukou Village (Renqiu county, Hebei), priest 1939, Bishop of Ankwo, consecrated 11.09.1989, arrested in December 1990, died 14.11.1992 Kuangcheng (in prison) [97]

 

Liu Ding-han, John

 

 

(Foto: consecration of Bishop Li Liangui: left to right: Li Liangui, Liu Ding-han, Feng Xinmao and Yang Xiangtai, sent by Bishop Feng Xinmao to Dr. Kierein)

 

Born 28.05.1917, member of S.J. 1939, priest 07. or 08.06.1950, Administrator or Bishop of Cangzhou 1980, consecrated 10.10.1982 in Kirin, consecrator Joseph Zhong Huai-de, consecrated again 1983, consecrator Stephan Li Side (Tianjin), emeritus 1998, again Bishop of Cangzhou 1999, emeritus 2000, died 20.12.2007 Cangzhou [98]

 

Liu Guandong, Peter

 

 

(Foto: UCANEWS)

 

Born 19.6.1919 Qingyuan County (Weigezhuang village?), priest 29.6.1945, 1955 and 1958-81 imprisoned, Coadjutor of Yixian, consecrated 25.07.1982, consecrator Francis Zhou Shanfu, Bishop of Yixian 05.01.1989 [99], emeritus 1994, died 28.10.2013 Yixian [100]

 

 

Liu Hanchen, Peter

 

Born 1902 ?, priest, Administrator of Dali 1952, died 24.01.1990 [100a]

 

Liu Hede (Liu Ho-teh), Odoric Victor

 

 

 

(Fotos: Archive Kierein)

 

Born 03.12.1912, member of O.F.M. 1929, priest 01.02.1936, nominated Administrator of Hankow 1950, Bishop of Hankow, consecrated 18.01.1984, consecrator unknown, but as Li Xinzheng consecrated on the same day Yang Shao-huai to Aux.-Bishop of Hankow, it could be possible, that Liu Hede was also consecrated on that day, died 10.12.2001 [101]

 

Liu Hsien Tang (Liu Xiantang), Lucas

 

 

 

(Foto: http://www.catholic.org.tw/en/embishopluke.html)

 

Born 21.12.1928 Tung Shung Tan (Sienhsien), priest 30.11.1956, nominated Coadjutor of Hsinchu 24.10.1980, consecrated 01.01.1981 in Hsinchu, consecrator Mons. Pao Zin Tou, nominated Bishop of Hsinchu 29.06.1983, emeritus 04.12.2004 [102]

 

Liu Huanbo, Louis

 

 

(Foto: Archive Dr. Kierein)

 

Born 1910, priest 1936, Aux.-Bishop of Harbin, consecrated 26.08.1990 in Harbin, consecrator Joseph Zhong Huai-de, Bishop of Harbin 1993, died 19.01.1997 [103]

 

Liu Jing-he, Paul

 

 

(Foto: sent by Bishop to Dr. Kierein)

 

Born 26.12.1920 Huanghuagang village/Tangshan, priest 4.5.1945, Bishop of Tangshan 1981, consecrated 21.12.1981 in Tangshan, consecrator Chang Shou-yi, retired 08.06.2008 (17.11.2010 for CPA), 08.05.2008 legitimized by Pope Benedict XVI., died 11.12.2013 Tangshan [104]

 

Liu Jingshan, John Baptist

 

 

(Foto: UCANEWS)

 

Born 24.10.1913 Denkou (Bameng), priest 26.6.1942, Bishop of Yinchuan 1992, consecrated 01.08.1993 in Yinchuan, consecrator Joseph Zhong Huai-de, retired 00.12.2009, died 04.02.2013 Yinchuan [105]

 

Liu Jinwen (Liu Chin-wen, Liou King wen), Francis

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 15.08.1872 Sintchwang (Luanfu), priest 18.06.1903, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Lampsacus and Apostolic Vicar of Fenyang 23.07.1930, consecrated 12.10.1930 in Peking, consecrator Mons. Costantini, nominated Bishop of Fenyang 11.04.1946, emeritus 15.01.1948, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Antipatride 15.01.1948, died 1956 [106]

 

Liu Shigong, John

 

 

(Foto: UCANEWS)

 

Born 18.08.1928 Wulannao (Siziwangqi, city of Wulanchabu), priest 15.08.1956, Bishop of Wumeng 1989, consecrated 12.10.1995, consecrator John Liu Jingshan, died 09.06.2017 [107]

 

Liu Shuhe, Paul

 

Born 1919 or 1922, priest 14.08.1947, in prison 1958-80, Aux.-Bishop of Yihsien, consecrated 18.05.1982, consecrator Zhou Shanfu, in prison since 1988, died  02.05.1993 Kangzhuang [108]

 

Liu Tan-kuei, James

 

 

(Foto: http://www.catholic.org.tw/en/embishopjames.html)

 

Born 11.06.1953 Tungshih (Taichung), priest 12.11.1981, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Accia and Aux.-Bishop of Taipeh 18.05.1999, consecrated 14.08.1999 in Taipeh, consecrator Mons. Ti-kang, nominated Bishop of Hsinchu 04.12.2004, emeritus 30.05.2005 [109]

 

Liu Thien-chu, see Lin Tianzhu

Liu Tifen, see Liu Difen

 

Liu Xianru, Michael

 

 

(Foto: UCANEWS)

 

Born 19.09.1917 Jintang, Sichuan province, priest 01.05.1947, Bishop of Chengdu 1991, consecrated 24.02.1992 in Chengdu, consecrator Mons. Mathias Duan Yinmin, died 25.10.1998 Chengdu [110]

 


Liu Xiantang
, see Liu Hsien Tang

 

Liu Xinhong, Joseph

 

 

(Foto: UCANEWS)

 

Born 1964, priest 18.11.1990, Bishop of Anhui 2005, consecrated 03.05.2006 in Wuhu, consecrator John Wu Shizhen, excommunicated by the Vatican [111]

 

Liu Yuanren, Joseph

 

 

(Foto: sent by Bishop to Dr. Kierein)

 

Born 16.03.1923 or 16.03.1924 Qidong county, Jiangsu, priest 03.06.1953, Bishop of Nanjing, consecrated 07.12.1993 in Nanking, consecrator Joseph Zhong Huaide, died 20.04.2005 Peking [112]

 

Liu Zhong-yu (Liu Zongyu), Simon

 

 

(Foto: UCANEWS)

 

Born 03.12.1916 Dazu County/Chungking, priest 1945, Bishop of Chungking, consecrated 21.12.1981 in Chungking, consecrator Mons. Mathias Duan Yinmin, died 30.09.1992 [113]

 

Lo Bei Zhan (Luo Beizhan, Lo Pe Zhan), Paulus

 

 

(Foto: sent by Bishop to Dr. Kierein)

 

Born 28.10.1911 Tongliang/Chungking, priest 21.12.1940, 1959-1982 in prison, Bishop of Chongqing, consecrated 14.05.1993 in Chungking, consecrator Mons. Duan Yinmin, died 26.03.2001 [114]

 

Lokuang, Stanislaus

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 01.01.1911 Hengyang (Hengchow), priest 09.02.1936, nominated Bishop of Tainan 21.03.1961, consecrated 21.05.1961 in Rome, consecrator Pope John XXIII. [115], nominated Archbishop of Taipeh 15.02.1966, emeritus 04.08.1978, died 28.02.2004 [116]

 

Lombos, Joseph László

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 03.04.1887 Topolya/Hungary, member of O.F.M., priest 1910, nominated Apostolic Prefect of Paoking 03.06.1938, returned to Hungary in 1948, died 19.07.1963 Budapest [117]

 

Lo Tou-xy, see Luo Duxi

 

Lo(u) (LUO) Wen-tsao (Lopez), Gregor

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 1611, 1616 or 1617 Lo kia hiang (Foukien), member of O.P. 07.03.1651, priest 07.07.1655, nominated Tit.-Bishop of Basilinopolis and Apostolic Vicar of Nanking 04.01.1674, consecrated 08.04.1685 in Guangzhou, consecrator Mons. della Chiesa, nominated Bishop of Nanking 10.04.1690, died 27.02.1691 Nanking [118]

 

Loy, Ferdinand

 

 

(Foto: Archive Perraud)

 

Born 17.01.1892 Hüls (Münster), member of S.V.D. 1913, priest 14.11.1920, nominated Superior of Sinkiang 20.11.1931, nominated Apostolic Prefect of Sinkiang 21.05.1938, died 23.06.1969 Steyl [119]

 

Lu Peisan, John

 

 

(Foto: UCANEWS)

 

Born 07.08.1966 Shandong Province, priest 17.12.1989, Bishop of Yanzhou, consecrated 20.05.2011 in Jining City, consecrator Johann Fang Xingyao [120]

 

Lu Shouwang, Francis

 

 

(Foto: UCANEWS)

 

Born 26.02.1966, priest 19.05.1991, Administrator of Yichang 2005, Bishop of Yichang 00.12.2006, consecrated 30.11.2007 in Yichang, consecrator Louis Yu Ren Shen, died 30.04.2011 Wuhan [121]

 

Lu Xinping, see Lu Zinping

 

Lu Zhengshen, Mathias

 

 

(Foto: Bishop Lu (right) together with Bishop Wang Milu, sent by Bishop Wang Milu to Dr. Kierein)

 

Born 23.01.1919, priest 17.04.1981, Bishop of Tianshui, consecrated 02.03.1982, consecrator Bartholomeus Yu Chengti, died 04.01.2002 or 15.02.2002 [122]

 

Lu Zhiyuan

 

Born 1920, priest, Bishop of Liaoning (Shenyang), consecrated 11.04.1994 or 1995, died 11.10.1996 or 00.08.1997 [123]

 

Lu Zinping (Lu Xinping), Francis Xavier

 

 

(Foto: UCANEWS)

 

Born 1963 Haimen, priest 24.10.1989, Coadjutor of Nanjing, consecrated 06.01.2000, consecrator Joseph Liu Yuanren in Peking, Bishop of Nanjing 20.04.2005 [124]

 

Luo Duxi (Lo Tou-xy), Mathew

 

 

(Foto: sent by Bishop to Dr. Kierein)

 

Born 02.07.1919, uncle of Peter Luo Xuegang , priest 29.06.1983, Bishop of Kiating (Leshan) 1993, consecrated 21.09.1993 in Leshan, consecrator John Chen Shizhong, died 04.12.2009 [125]

 

 

Luo Juan (Luo Jung), Bonaventura

 

 

(Foto: sent by Bishop to Dr. Kierein)

 

Born 23.12.1917 Xin'anzhuang/Shouzhou, priest 19.07.1944, Bishop of Shuozhou 1990, consecrated 08.07.1990 in Taiyuan, consecrator Benedict Zhangxin, died 15.03.2007 Shuozhou [126]

 

Luo Beizhan, see Lo Bei Zhan

 

Luo Xuegang, Peter

 

 

(Foto: UCANEWS)

 

Born (unknown date) , nephew of Matthew Luo Duxi, priest 30.11.1991, Coadjutor of Yibin 09.01.2010, consecrated 30.11.2011 in Yibin with papal mandate, consecrator John Chen Shi-zhong, Bishop of Yibin 16.12.2012 [127]

 

Ly Hsuan-te, see Li Huande

 

Ly Jing Feng (Li Jingfeng), Lucas

 

 

(Foto: sent by Bishop to author)

 

Born 26.02.1922, priest 29.06.1947, Coadjutor of Fengxiang 1980, consecrated 25.04.1980 in Fengxiang?, consecrator Anthony Zhou Wei-dao, Bishop of Fengxiang 14.01.1983 [128]

 

Ly Yun-ho, see Li Jun-ho



[1] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.14 (1):104

[2] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.14 (1):199

[2a] See Planchet 1917:207, website Archives de Missions Étrangères de Paris, website new advent,

[3] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.14 (1):430, Annuario Pontificio, www.gcatholic.com

[4] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.14 (1):534, Annuario Pontificio

[5] See Perraud

[6] See PEM 163, Politi 2010:51, Holy See Press Office Bulletin  16.1.2016

[7] According to  Krahl 1964:101 consecrated by Hilario de Santa Rosa

[8] See Perraud, Krahl 1964:1, 99, 101, 190, http://www.bbkl.de/lexikon/bbkl-artikel.php?art=./L/La/Laimbeckhoven.art, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.7:298; according to Bibl. Miss. nominated Bishop of Nanking in 1756

[9] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.13:313, Eubel 8:476; according to Bibl.Miss born 12.03.1850; according to Eubel consecrated 19.12.1897 and nominated Apost. Vicar 16.05.1898

[10] See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gabriel_Lam; http://archives.catholic.org.hk/Succession%20Line/G-Lam.htm

[11] See PEM 105, Politi 2010:33

[12] See PEM 150; letter of Bishop Liu Jinghe to authors

[13] See Politi 2010:50,  UCANews 24.06.10, L’Oservatore Romano 09.10.2014, p.6, Fides News 08.10.2014; http://www.chinacath.org/news/china/2014-09-23/33708.html

[14] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.13:235, Planchet 1917:191

[15] See Perraud

[16] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.14 (2):219

[17] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.14 (2):341; http://www.cpprovince.org/archives/bios/6/6-6b.php , according to cpprovince-website he became Prefect on 26.07.1925 and resigned in 1928

[18] See Perraud, Eubel 8:514, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.12:269; according to Eubel born 18.09.1808, nominated Apost. Vicar of Ce-Li Meridio-Orientale 27.05.1856 and nominated Apost. Vicar of Kiang-nam 09.09.1864; according to Bibl.Miss. he died 29.11.1878

[19] George Gauthier (1871-1940), Coadjutor of Montreal 1923-39, Archbishop since 1939

[20] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.14 (2):363; according to Bibl.Miss born in the diocese of Montreal

[21] See Perraud, Eubel 8:350, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.12:87; Van der Brandt 1936:36; according to Bibl.Miss. and Van den Brandt born 12.05.1802; according to Eubel and Van den Brandt nominated Coadjutor 02.03.1844

[22] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.14 (2):364, Annuario Pontificio

[23] Antonio Riberi (1897-1967), 1946-51 Apost. Nuncio to China, 1967 Cardinal

[24] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.14 (2):14; according to Bibl.Miss born in the diocese of San Sebastian

[25] See Perraud

[26] Pius XII., Eugenio Pacelli (1876-1958), since 1939 Pope

[27] See Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.14 (2):283

[28] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.12:203, Eubel 7:274; according to Bibl.Miss. he was ordained to priesthood in 1838; according to Eubel he was nominated Coadjutor of Tchekiang and was consecrated 21.02.1847

[29] Jean-Pierre Marcou, M.E.P. (1857-1939), since 1901 Apost. Vicar of Tonkino Marittimo/Vietnam

[30] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.13:647, Eubel 8:524; according to Bibl.Miss. born 23.05.1852; according to Eubel nominated Apost. Prefect 26.04.1900 and died 22.08.1910

[31] See Perraud

[32] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.14 (2):107

[33] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.13:509, Annuario Pontificio; according to Bibl.Miss he died 17.12.1939, according to Annuario 17.08.1940

[34] See Bulletin of the Vatican 11.07.2014, UCANews 01.09.2014, Holy See Press Office Bulletin 16.1.2016

[35] See PEM 185, Politi 2010:55

[35a] See UCANews 25.10.2015, UCANews 02.12.2016, website Missions Étrangères de Paris 02.02.2016, Guide to the Catholic Church in China 2014:295 (ebook)

[36] See UCA News 23.06.2011, 04.07.2011, 14.8.2015, 25.10.2016; Asia News 29.06.2011, 04.07.2011; according to UCANews of 25.10.2016 he allegedly has a girlfriend and children and therefore had been excommunicated

[37] See Perraud, Website of Diocese of Hongkong (http://archives.catholic.org.hk/In%20Memoriam/Clergy-Brother/P-Lei.htm), Politi 2010:22

[38] Antonio Riberi (1897-1967), 1946-51 Apost. Nuncio to China, 1967 Cardinal

[39] See Perraud, PEM 150, 151, UCANews 11.12.1995, Politi 2010:10

[40] See Perraud, Website Diocese of Hongkong (http://archives.catholic.org.hk/In%20Memoriam/Clergy-Brother/CJ-Lemaire.htm); Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.14 (2):285, Annuario Pontificio; according to Bibl. Miss. elected Superior General 16.03.1945

[40a] See Planchet 1917:140, O' Neill 2001:2329

[41] See Perraud

[42] See Perraud, Eubel 8:279

[43] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.14 (1):105

[44] See Perraud,  Annuario Pontificio

[45] See Perraud

[46] See PEM 152, 181, 182, Politi 2010:37

[47] See Perraud, PEM 132; PEM 150; Lam 2000/I:87, Politi 2010:11, Annuario Pontificio 1981; Lam 2011:26

[48] See PEM 167, Lam 2000/I:42, Politi 2010:30

[49] See PEM 150, 151, Politi 2010:21

[50] See PEM 150, 151,  Lam 2005/I , Politi 2010:21

[51] See letters of Bishop to authors; UCANews 26.05.06, PEM 135 and 150, http://www.chinacatholic.org/english/news/200652693135.htm, Lam 2000/I:65

[52] See UCANews 21.12.2006, PEM 151, Lam 2000/I:151, letter of the Bishop to authors

[53] See Politi 2010:33; PEM 152, UCANews 26.04.2011; http://www.asianews.it (26.04.2011), http://www.chinacath.org (25.04.2011)

[54] See Perraud, PEM 150, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.14 (1):202; Politi 2010:12; according to PEM 150 he was consecrated in 1953, Politi indicates, that he was consecrated 10.02.1952; according letter from Bishop Li Duan to authors he died 28.02.1973; according to letter of Bishop Ly Jing Feng he was born 1906,consecrated in 1950 and died in 1973

[55] See UCA News 23.05.2011

[56] See PEM 155, Lam 2005/I, Politi 2010:44, http://www.ucanews.com/diocesan-directory/html/dps-ch_taiyuan.php

[57] See letter Bishop Liu Jingshan to authors; Radio Vatican 10.12.2007, UCANews 20.11.2007, UCANews 11.12.2007, 24.12.2007, 02.04.2013, Politi 2010:56; 

[58] Pius XI., Achille Ratti (1857-1939), since 1922 Pope

[59] See Perraud, Politi 2010:6, Annuario Pontificio 1934

[60] See letter Bishop to authors; PEM 159, 160, Lam 2005/I, Politi 2010:49

[61] See PEM 160; UCANews 15.8.2000, Politi 2010:50

[62] See Perraud, Politi 2010:14

[63] See UCANews 8.1.07, PEM 150, Politi 2010:24

[64] See UCANews 21.9.07; UCANews 21.9.07, UCANews 22.09.2007

[65] See PEM 150; Lam 2000/I:71, Politi 2010:16

[66] See PEM 150, 151, 152, 219

[67] See PEM 150, 151, UCANews 16.3.1993, Tripod  1985 (25), S. 49-52

[68] See Lam 2005/I, PEM 152, Politi 2010:27,  letter of  Melchior Shi Honzhen to authors

[69] See UCANews 1.11.2010, AsiaNews 2.11.2010; Radio Vatican 16.09.2014

[70] See Perraud, PEM 132, 150, Politi 2010:11

[71] See PEM 151, 156, 157, UCANews 10.8.1998, letter of Bishops Li Yi and Sun Yuanmo to authors,  Politi 2010:28

[72] See PEM 150

[73] See PEM 150

[74] See Politi 2010:29

[75] See PEM 116, 150, Guide to the Catholic Church in China 2008:263, UCANews 21.6.1989, Politi 2010:15

[76] See PEM 132, 150; Lam 2000/I:30, Politi 2010:31

[77] See PEM 178, Guide to the Catholic Church in China 2008:170, Radio Vatican, 31.5.2012, UCANews 30.5.2012, Fides 31.5.2012

[78] See PEM 150

[79] See PEM 150, 151; Lam 2005/I, Human Rights Watch 1993:22

[80] See UCA News 12.05.2011, 09.05.2014, Asia News 18.06.2011

[81] See UCANews 30.03.2011, Asianews 30.03.2011, Catholic Church in China 2014:389 (e-book)

[82] See letter of Bishop to authors; PEM 148, Agenzia Fides 10/10/2007, UCANews 11.10.07, UCANews 12.10.2007, Politi 2010:37

[83] See PEM 173, Politi 2010:52

[84] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.12:272

[85] See PEM 133, Politi 2010:42

[86] See Politi 2010:47, PEM 178, UCANews 30.08.2010, letter of the bishop to authors

[87] See PEM 132, 150, 156, 173, UCA News 28.11.2007, letter from Bishop Lin Quan to authors

[88] See Perraud, Politi 2010:31

[89] See UCANews 5.10.2009, PEM 151, 152, Politi 2010:42, Asianews 10.06.2009

[90] See Perraud, www.bautz.de/bbkl/l/lionne.shtml; according to Bautz he was born in Rome; according to Bautz he was nominated Coadjutor of Apost. Vicariate of Siam 20.05.1686 and Titularbishop of Rosalia 05.02.1687, but never was consecrated. The pope confirmed the nomination to the Titular-Seat 20.10.1696 and nominated him Apost. Vicar of Szechwan 22.10.1696. The consecration was according to Bautz 30.11.1700

[91] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.12:667, Eubel 8:142; according to Bibl. Miss. he was born in the diocese of Digne; according to Eubel he was nominated Apost. Vicar 22.12.1871

[92] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.14 (1):545; according to Bibl.Miss born in Bégalö

[93] See PEM 150

[94] Jozef Tomko (*1924), 1985-2001 Prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples; Cardinal since 1985

[95] See PEM 140, Politi 2010:44

[96] See PEM 150

[97] See UCANews 16.4.1993, 15.6.2004, PEM 134, 181, Politi 2010:37

[98] See UCANews 21.12.2007, L’Osservatore Romano 2-3.1.08, PEM 150, 152, 204, Lam 2000/I:185, KNA Nr.1/53. (03.01.2008), Politi 2010:28

[99] according to Fides 13.11.2013 he became Bishop of Yixian in 1986

[100] See PEM 152, 180, Lam 2005/I, Politi 2010:27, Politi 2011:17, UCA News 05.11.2013, Fides 13.11.2013

[100a] See UCANews 07.03.1990

[101] See PEM 152, Politi 2010:29

[102] See Perraud, Politi 2010:23

[103] See PEM 150, 151, 152; Lam 2000/I:35, Politi 2010:39

[104] See letter of Bishop to authors, PEM 150, Lam 2000/I:195; Politi 2010:25; http://www.ucanews.com/diocesan-directory/html/ordinary-of-china-tangshan-diocese.php ; AsiaNews 12.12.2013;
Osservatore Romano, 20.12.2013; UCANews 18.12.2013; according to UCA News diocesan-directory “However, he was still the ordinary of Tangshan Diocese until Nov. 2010 in the records of the open Church authorities”

[105] See letter of Bishop to authors; PEM147, 151, 181; Lam 2000/I:112, UCANews 21.10.2010, 04.02.2013

[106] See Perraud, Politi 2010:5, Annuario Pontificio 1934;

[107] See PEM 150, 151; UCANews 13.06.2017, Guide to the Catholic Church in China 2008:190, Politi 2010:45, letter of the Bishop to the authors, La Stampa 26.06.17;  http://www.ucanews.com/diocesan-directory/html/ordinary-of-china-jining-diocese.php

[108] See PEM 134, PEM 151, Politi 2010:27, letter of Bishop Melchior Shi Hongzhen to authors; according to Bishop Shi Hongzhen was Bishop Fan not the consecrator of Bishop Liu, but he does not know the name of the consecrator. According to the letter of Melchior Shi Hongzhen died Bishop Liu in 1992

[109] See PEM 156, Politi 2010:48

[110] See PEM 129, Politi 2010:41, http://www.ucanews.com/diocesan-directory/html/dps-ch_chengdu.php

[111] See UCANews 2.5.06, 25.10.2016, Asia News 03.05.2006; Politi 2010:54, according to UCANews of 25.10.2016 he allegedly has a girlfriend and children and therefore had been excommunicated

[112] See PEM 150, 151, UCANews 22.4.2005, Politi 2010:44

[113] See PEM 120, 150, 181, according to PEM 120 the consecration took place in Setchoen in 1989

[114] See letters of bishop ti authors; PEM 129, 134, 136, 151; according to PEM 129 the consecration took place in Chengdu, Politi 2010:43

[115] S. John XXIII. , Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli (1881-1963), since 1958 Pope

[116] See Peeraud, Politi 2010:20, Annuario Pontificio

[117] See Perraud, http://mek.niif.hu/00300/00355/html/ABC09006/09563.htm (3.8.2010)

[118] See Perraud, http://ricci.rt.usfca.edu/biography/view.aspx?biographyID=1378, Eubel 5:115, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.5:879, www.bautz.de/bbkl/l/lopez.shtml; according to ricci ordained to priesthood on 04.07.1754; according to Eubel he was nominated Apost. Vicar 14.01.1674; according to Bibl.Miss he died 28.02.1690

[119] See Perraud, Bibliotheca Missionum Vol.14 (1):369

[120] See UCANews 20.05.2011, Asia News 20.05.2011

[121] See UCANews 20.11.2007, Politi 2010:55, UCANews 03.05.2011, www.chinacath.org 2.5.2011, http://www.ucanews.com/diocesan-directory/html/dps-ch_yichang.php

[122] See letter of the bishop to authors, PEM 119, 152, 176, Lam 2000/I:102, Politi 2010:29

[123] See Lam2000/I:22, Politi 2010:44

[124] See PEM 157; UCANews 11.4.06, UCANews 22.4.2005

[125] See letter of Bischop to authors; letter of Bishop Chen Shi-Zhong to authors; PEM 135, UCANews 5.10.1993, UCANews 8.12.2009, Politi 2010:43

[126] See letter of Bishop Luo to authors, UCANews 21.3.07, PEM 135, 151, Lam 2005/I, Politi 2010:39

[127] See UCANews 24.11.2011, 1.12.2011, AsiaNews 30.11.2011, 17.12.2012

[128] See letters of Bishop to authors, PEM 138, 147, Lam 2000/I:88, Politi 2011:5ff., according to Politi he was consecrated on 26.03.1980